Another core workout. I think I’m getting good at them!
Practice multiplying two digit number by one digit number:
Second shortest mountain on the list of seven summits is Vinson Massif, tallest mountain in Antarctica. It’s only 16 050 feet (4892 meters) tall. It’s seems really tall when you think about yesterday’s lesson about Mount Kosciuszko, but it’s still not that big – the tallest mountain in the world in 8848 meters tall!
Vinson Massif is part of Ellsworth Mountains and is only 750 miles away from the South Pole. It’s so far away from where people live that its height wasn’t measured until 1969. It was named after senator Carl Vinson from Georgia, who supported expeditions to Antarctica.
Fun fact: because how close this mountain is so far south, the sun doesn’t set between November and January. That’s their summer!
Social Science 👩🎓
Ferdinand Magellan was born in 1480 in Portugal. He worked for king of Portugal since he was very young. At court, he learned navigation, astronomy and how to draw maps. As a member of Spanish navy, he visited Morocco, India and a lot of other places.
Magellan really wanted to do what Columbus promised to king and queen of Spain: sail to Asia by going west from Europe. He left with 5 ships in 1519. He sailed across the Atlantic and then turned south to find a way to the other side of America. They eventually did. That pass is in Chile and was named after him: Strait of Magellan. Ferdinand Magellan was the first European to sail across the Pacific Ocean.
Magellan didn’t make it all the way to Indonesia, which was his plan. He was killed in the Philippines. His ships kept sailing west though. One of them, Victoria, made it all the way back to Europe, making it the first ship to sail around the whole world.
The Spanish Conquistadors
Word Conquistador is Spanish for conqueror. They were soldiers, explorers and adventurers. Those were men that Columbus or Magellan would bring with them on their great voyages.
The time of the conquistadors was between 15th and 17th centuries. They did exactly what their name says: they conquered lands they discovered. They have settled a lot of America and we call those territories Latin America now. They also conquered a lot of island nations in Asia-Pacific, like the Philippines.
This is just a quick overview of what the conquistadors were. We will talk more about them in the future – there were some really famous ones.
Suez Canal is in Egypt. It’s a way for ships to go from Europe to Asia without having to go around Africa. It was built in 1859. You have probably already noticed that explorers were trying to figure out how to sail between the two continents and finally, people just made a way themselves.
Word of the day ❗
Ease – freedom from difficulty or hardship or effort.
How about visiting the Yosemite Park?