Today, let’s do arms workout:
Multiplying by 7
It’s like counting by 7! Repeat after me: 7 – 14 – 21 – 28 – 35 – 42 – 49 – 56 – 63 – 70. Or better:
7 = 7 x 1
14 = 7 x 2 = 7 + 7
21 = 7 x 3 = 14 + 7
28 = 7 x 4 = 21 + 7
35 = 7 x 5 = 28 + 7
42 = 7 x 6 = 35 + 7
49 = 7 x 7 = 42 + 7
56 = 7 x 8 = 49 + 7
63 = 7 x 9 = 56 + 7
70 = 7 x 10 = 63 + 7
Here is the multiplication table:
And make sure to practice your multiplication:
Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun. It’s mass is 11% of Earth’s mass (isn’t that tiny?). Its day is 24.6 Earth hours (wow! that’s close!) and it takes 1.9 years to go once around the Sun (can you imagine having to wait almost two years for your birthday???).
Mars has two moons, named Phobos and Deimos. Like previous three planets, it has a rocky surface. Its atmosphere is much thinner than that of Earth and it is made up mostly of carbon dioxide. Because there isn’t much of an atmosphere there, the surface of this planet is much colder than that of Earth. Surface of Mars is covered by sand and the winds get very strong, leading to huge dust storms.
Mars’ surface is in many ways similar to Earth and there are even signs that they used to have water. This planet has the tallest mountain in our Solar System, which is 3 times as tall as Mount Everest, tallest mountain on Earth.
Social Science 👩🎓
Rome – history
Rome was a very important civilization. It was located where Italy is currently. Roman Republic was created in year 509 BC. Their form of government was revolutionary because they didn’t have a king who was born to rule and stayed in power until he died. Instead, they elected senators, who made decisions for the country as a group for a limited amount of time. After that time, called term, new group would be elected. We will talk more about this subject on Wednesday, when we discuss culture of Rome.
In year 45 BC, Julius Cesar took over the Roman Republic and put himself in charge. This changed how the country was ruled and in year 27 BC, Julius Augustus became the first emperor of Rome. A lot of the government stayed the same, but now the emperor had the power to make final decisions.
As an empire, Rome kept growing and conquering lands around, including much of Europe and Egypt. Eventually, the country became to large for one emperor to rule. Remember: they didn’t have airplanes, phones or the internet. They had to have somebody deliver all messages by horse! So the two halves were: Rome with the capital in Rome and Eastern Roman Empire, better known in history as Byzantium with the capital in Constantinople (currently it’s city of Istanbul in Turkey).
In year 476 AD, Western Roman Empire fell as a result of wars with the barbarians. This started the Dark Ages in Europe. We will talk about Eastern Roman Empire more next week.
Rabbits are born blind.
Word of the day ❗
Woe – misery resulting from affliction.
Watch me talk about Mars: